Located in the beautiful and prosperous Yangtze Delta, Jiangsu stands on both sides of the Yangtze River close to the sea, and is endowed with vast plains and numerous lakes and a dense network of waterways. The plain area is about 69 percent of Jiangsu’s total area, while its water surface area and low mountain and hilly area make up 17 and 14 percent, respectively.
Jiangsu covers a land area of 102,600 square kilometers, and houses a resident population of 79.39 million. In addition to its 954 km coastline, the province has the Yangtze River traversing 425 km from west to east and the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal stretching 718 km from north to south.
Situated in the middle-latitude zone along the east coast of the Asian continent and a transition belt from a subtropical to temperate zone, Jiangsu has a typical East Asian monsoon climate that features a gentle climate, moderate rainfall and four distinctive seasons. Jiangsu’s annual mean air temperature is 13-16℃ and annual precipitation is around 1,000 millimeters, which makes its climate and vegetation a blend of the characteristics of both South and North China.
Slender West lake in Yangzhou, Jiangsu province Provided to expochina2015.org
Jiangsu has long been crowned a “land of affluence, land of milk and honey, or treasury of the previous dynasties”, and is now one of the regions in China with the fastest economic development, greatest openness, highest dynamism and the most advanced level of urbanization development.
Meanwhile, Jiangsu is also regarded amongst the most popular and attractive places for investment in China in the eyes of foreign businessmen and investors. Jiangsu’s economy has maintained a two-digit annual growth rate for more than two decades in a row; both its paid-in foreign capital and foreign trade volume have long been securing the top position in China.
The Yangtze Delta urban cluster consists not only of Shanghai and Zhejiang province but Jiangsu province as well, and is currently ranked amongst the six most significant world-class urban clusters. Jiangsu’s per capita GDP, regional development and index of people’s livelihoods all top other provinces in China, which equates Jiangsu as a “middle and upper” level developed country.
Jiangsu’s GDP in 2013 exceeded 5.9 trillion yuan ($948.3 billion), up 9.6 percent from the previous year; per capita GDP hit 74,607 yuan, ranked No.1 amongst all provinces and autonomous regions in China. The total retail sales of consumer goods in 2013 registered 2,065.7 billion yuan, up by 13.4 percent compared with that of the previous year.
In addition to its strong economy, Jiangsu also shows great strength in agriculture. It has a total area of 69.065 million mu (1 mu equals 666.67 square meters) land under cultivation, and per capita area of cultivated farmland is 0.87 mu.
Jiangsu has 10.31 million mu of coastal tidal flats, one quarter of China’s total, which are significant land reserves. Jiangsu’s agricultural production is richly endowed by nature.
The province is a favorable homeland to a variety of crops, forest and livestock species. There are more than 260 varieties of forest planting or fruit trees, tea and sericulture as well as floriculture and over 80 species and 1,000 varieties of vegetables. Jiangsu’s sericulture is enjoying a worldwide reputation.
“Biluochun Tea” is just one example of many of its well-known teas. Together with its rapid development of industrialization and urbanization, Jiangsu’s agricultural development is taking the lead in China.
Jiangsu boasts a rather advanced development in terms of agricultural science, technology and education, agricultural product processing, production of agrochemical fertilizers, agricultural machinery equipment and IT application in agriculture.
With 1 percent of China’s land area and less than 1 mu of per capita cultivated farmland, Jiangsu has created 6 percent of China’s added value of agriculture.
In 2013, Jiangsu produced 34.23 million tons of grain, 0.21 million tons of cotton, 1.5 million tons of oil crop, over 52 million tons of vegetables, 14,000 tons of tea, 2.75 million tons of garden fruit, 3.83 million tons of meat, 2 million tons of poultry and eggs, and 0.6 million tons of milk. The amount of live pigs on hand was 17.87 million, and the slaughter amount was 30.50 million.
Three hundred million poultry were on hand and 800 million were slaughtered. The aquatic product yield was 5.09 million tons. The forest coverage rate reached 21.9 percent. Foreign trade volume of agricultural products registered $13.7 billion, among which imports hit $10.5 billion while exports hit $3.2 billion.